The Poona Pact was an agreement between Mahatma Gandhi and Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar on behalf of the depressive classes and Hindu leaders of the upper caste on the reservation of electoral seats for the depressed classes within the legislature of British India in 1930. Manufactured on September 1, 1932 at Yerwada Central Prison in Poona, India. It was signed by Ambedkar, on behalf of the depressive classes, and by Madan Mohan Malviya on behalf of the upper Caste Hindus and Gandhi  to end the fast that Gandhi made in prison to protest the decision of British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald to give depressed classes separate voters for the election of members of provincial parliaments in British India. They finally agreed on 148 electoral seats.  6. The system of depiction of depressive classes by reserved seats in provincial and central legislators, provided for by clauses 1 and 4, is maintained until this comparison is defined by mutual agreement between the communities concerned. An agreement between Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar and Mahatma Gandhi was signed 84 years ago, on September 24, 1932. The agreement was signed by Pt Madan Mohan Malviya and Dr.B.
R. Ambedkar and some Dalit chiefs in the Yerwada Central Jail in Pune to break Mahathma Gandhi`s fast to death. Why did Mahatma Gandhi die quickly? In 1932, the British announced the “The Communal Award”, considered one of the tools of division and domination in India. Mahatma Gandhi understood his approach and knew that it was an attack on Indian nationalism. That is why Mahatma Gandhi went on hunger strike and opposed the provision of separate voters for dalits. Gandhi resisted the British, believing that their policies would divide Hindu society. What were the terms of the Poona Pact? (5) The primary system for a group of candidates for central and provincial elections, as noted above, ends after the first ten years, unless it is terminated by mutual agreement under Clause 6. Poona Pact (September 24, 1932), an agreement between Hindu leaders in India, who granted new rights to Dalits (low-caste Hindu groups, at the time often referred to as “untouchables”). The pact signed in Poona (now Pune, Maharashtra) was born out of the Municipal Prize of 4 August 1932, a proposal of the British government that would allocate seats in the various parliaments of India to the different communities in order to resolve the various tensions between communal interests. Dalit`s leaders, especially Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, supported the proposal and believed it would allow the Dalits to advance their interests. On the other hand, Mahatma Gandhi opposed the provision of an electorate to the Dalits, who are separated from Hindu voters, which he said would weaken India in its quest for independence.
Although Gandhi was in prison, he announced a fast for death, which he began on September 18. All members of the depressive classes on the general electoral list of a constituency form an electoral college that elects a group of four candidates from the depressive classes for each of these seats reserved according to the method of individual voting, and four people who obtain the highest number of votes in these primaries are the candidates for election by the general electorate. When the heads of state and government met on Monday, it soon became clear that a compromise was not an option. Ambedkar said he would not sacrifice “any legitimate demand” for Gandhi`s sake, especially if no alternative proposal had been put forward. The next day, around noon, Gandhi began his fast until death. (9) In each province that exits the scholarship, an appropriate amount is provided for the provision of educational institutions for members of the depressive classes. “I have to resist their decision with my life,” he wrote to then British Prime Minister Ramsay Mcdonald on 18 August. “What I am is their legal separation, even in a limited form, from the Hindu wrinkle… He repeated on 9 September, but the British refused to make their decision.