Shortly after the deal was signed, control of the U.S. Congress passed to the Republican Party, which did not support the deal.   Some Republican senators were strongly opposed to the deal and saw it as appeasement.   Originally, U.S. Department of Defense emergency funds, which were not under congressional control, were used to finance transitional oil deliveries under the agreement with international funds. From 1996, Congress released funds, but not always sufficient amounts.   As a result, some of the agreed transitional oil deliveries were delivered late.  KEDO`s first director, Stephen Bosworth, then commented, “The agreed framework was a political orphan within two weeks of its signing.”  The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) is a legally valid agreement between many countries, the general objective of which was to promote international trade through the removal or elimination of barriers to trade such as tariffs or quotas. According to its preamble, its objective was “to substantially reduce tariffs and other barriers to trade and to eliminate reciprocal and mutually beneficial preferences”. On December 12, 1985, North Korea became a party to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). The NPT Safeguards Agreement entered into force on 10 April 1992. In May 1992, North Korea submitted its first report under the agreement to the IAEA, and inspections by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) began. Soon after, disagreements arose between North Korea`s initial statement and the agency`s findings, centered on a mismatch between declared plutonium products and nuclear waste solutions and the results of the agency`s analysis.
This last point indicated that undeclared plutonium existed in North Korea. In order to find answers to the inconsistencies found and to determine the completeness and accuracy of the initial declaration, IAEA requested access to additional information and two sites that appeared to be related to the storage of nuclear waste.  The DPRK denied access to the sites, and on March 12, 1993, North Korea announced its decision to withdraw from the Non-Proliferation Treaty. UNHCR procures a large part of its needs through framework contracts. Some analysts believe that North Korea agreed to the freeze mainly because of the US agreement to gradually lift economic sanctions in place since the Korean War. But because of congressional opposition, the United States has . . .