The “proximity rule” to which you refer is that if you have a compound but disjunctive subject, the verb corresponds in number to the approach – or in the case of three or more, the next – of the subjects. All this is true, and: in simple terms, a fictitious chord occurs when the agreement between a subject and its verb (or, in some cases, a pronoun and its predecessor) is determined by meaning and not by form. But there are times when the arrangement of what is considered an “agreement” is not so obvious, because what sounds like a single name is truly plural, or what sounds like a plural noun is essentially singular. This concept is called fictitious chord, also known as fictitious concord or synese. Most English people speak the basic rule of the subject verb chord: a singular name takes on a singular verb, and a plural noun takes its corresponding plural. A fictitious chord is something we don`t often consider, because it`s almost instinctive, part of our regular speech habits. And it is not a rule defined per se, but a matter of preference, and it is more common in British English than in American English. If you prefer to say “a lot of spectators were approaching,” you`re not wrong. 1) The rule of proximity attraction should not apply to there exists/are constructions. Their example “There is a banana and four apples on the table” has a compound theme (for example. B one banana and four apples) which is plural.
Grammatical is the right verb for your sentence so “are,” not “is.” In addition to the fictitious concordance, here is a second principle in the game that sounds the use of a plural verb more “correct” than the singular verb, and this is called the principle of proximity. This means, for example, that in a construction like “many Revelers”, one might be more inclined to choose a form of verb that corresponds to the plural noun that is closer to the phrase of the verb (Revelers) than the noun further from the singular (Crowd): 1) Is there a rule of approach, because there is? Does the subject closest to the verb determine whether the verb is singular or plural? Example: “There is a banana and four apples on the table.” Example: this quarter`s result is better than expected. Sometimes, however, it`s a little more complicated. For example, locally produced products have the advantage of having shorter supply chains. There`s still macaroni and cheese in the fridge. And on amounts that are presented abstractly as unit quantities, simple saving determines the cost of something. For example, she writes every day. Exception: If you use the singular “she,” use plural shapes. For example, the participant was satisfied with his work. You currently play a leadership role in the organization. b) “There are $5 in my pocket” or “There are $5 in my pocket,” for example: The percentage of employees who have been reported ill and the number of employees who have left the workplace within two years reflect the level of satisfaction.