In the coming years, we hope that more research will critically assess the impact of the TAC and G4 zero deforestation agreements throughout the Amazon. We also hope that this article will lead to more discussions on how to better track cattle, especially in more remote areas of the Amazon, such as Novo Progresso. Two-thirds of the uprooting of tropical forests is now for the land to produce goods that are traded around the world and end up in half of the products in our supermarkets. Find out how 500 companies, investors and governments were able to stop deforestation and why it`s so urgent. Livestock generated BRL 458.2 billion ($140.7 billion) in 2016. This amount represented 31% of Brazil`s agricultural GDP and 7.3% of total GDP. Livestock generated $6.2 billion in export earnings in 2017 and created 360,000 direct jobs. Brazil`s cattle herd increased from 158 million head in 1996 to 219 million in 2016. During this period, the pasture area used for these cattle herds increased from 184 to 167 million hectares, resulting in an increase in the occupancy rate from 0.86 units per hectare in 1996 to 1.31 hours per ha in 2016. The Brazilian herd is the second largest cattle herd in the world and accounts for 23% of the world`s herd. In addition, supporting husbandry practices that improve productivity in historic pastures can help reduce emissions per animal.
Moderate intensification, including relatively low-tech and inexpensive practices, such as fencing, rotating grazing and improved grass blends, can help improve productivity and restore degraded pastures.23 This can be achieved, while improving the profitability of the livestock sector and reducing unit greenhouse gas emissions. • Proof of zero deforestation: beef processors had to prove that they did not buy animals (directly or indirectly within two years) from farms that had exploited deforestation after the date of signature of the agreement. Problems or restrictions on land tenure security also limit the ability of landowners to increase access to agricultural credit and commodity markets, due to the soybean moratorium, also limit the opportunities for farmers wishing to recover degraded pastures with soybean crops (e.g. B through federal programs for low-carbon agriculture). In this sense, as soon as they are excluded from programmes facilitating legal access to land or agricultural credit, landowners can be locked into a system of illegal livestock production. Therefore, regularizing land ownership in the region and developing ways to legalize existing herds will be critical to developing and maintaining a regulated supply chain. Given the 75% increase in the rate of deforestation since 2012 (INPE 2017), the government`s most recent course to legalize illegal operations in protected areas or forest law violations in private areas sends definitely ambivalent signals when it comes to solving the environmental dimension of land insecurity (Benatti and da Cunha Fischer 2017). . . .